इंडियन आवाज़     22 Feb 2024 04:03:27      انڈین آواز

Union Budget 2016-17 – Politically tilted,  Economically Prudent?

By TN Ashok

budget graphics

New Delhi; The NDA government led by BJP’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi today presented a budget that seemed politically correct ahead of five assembly elections that go to polls from May onwards . The focus was just right on social sectors from common man to farmer to health and education sectors . Five states go to polls this year – the southern states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puducherry besides the eastern states of Assam and West Bengal.

While the BJP does not have much stake or electoral prospects in these states, it still wants to give a positive impression to voters through this budget that the BJP government is with them and cares for them for it has much at stake in Uttar Pradesh that will go to polls in 2017 , after its electoral reverses in the capital of New Delhi to AAP and the Bihar assembly to former ally Nitish Kumar and Laloo Prasad Yadav combine.

Finance Minister Arun Jaitley unveiled a budget that taxed the rich and offered some sops for the common tax payer besides unveiling a slew of measures for the farm , health and education sectors. For tax payers below incomes of Rs five lakhs, he raised the tax rebate to Rs 5000 from Rs 2000, offered a Protection Health Insurance of Rs one lakh for the poor with an additional Rs 30,000 cover for the senior citizens and some tax concessions for the first time house owners. He also offered reliefs through primary health centres for those affected with renal diseases and exempting from duties equipment used to conduct dialysis.

The Finance Minister also announced a new rural aid scheme and offered a Rs 25,000 crore bailout for the banking sector saying this was not the first and the last but more could come depending on the economic situation and external situation which is at present volatile. Its called recapitlisation for banks with stressed finances.

While taking pride that IMF described India as a bright spot in the global economy struggling with a meltdown, Jaitley emphasised that India’s GDP growth rate would sustain at 7.6% in the fiscal year that is drawing to a close ( India has been growing at a constant 7% in the last three years and economists predict it could rise to 8% in coming years) as that India would grow by 7.6% in the fiscal year that is drawing to a close.

Jaitley said he was confident government would control fiscal deficit at 3.5% of GDP in fiscal 2015-16 and could not commit for further years as India’s economy was integrated into the world economy and global meltdown could affect it with strong headwinds.

In keeping with his mentor Modi’s commitment to unearth black money from the system, he offered a amnesty scheme called Income Disclosure scheme that allowed High Net Worth Individuals with undisclosed incomes to come clean by paying 30% of such income as a one-time across the table sum plus 7.5% each as tax as penalty and a kissan(farmer) cess.

He also announced some rationalisation of TDS scheme to benefit tax payers so that their funds were not blocked. House rentals being shown for deduction from income tax were raised from the current level of Rs 24,000 to Rs 60,000, a bonanza of Rs 36,000 in the hands of the tax payer. #capital expenditure #income tax
Here are the highlights of Jaitley’s budget for the fiscal year that begins on April 1.
1. Growth of Economy accelerated to 7.6% in 2015-16.
2. India hailed as a ‘bright spot’ amidst a slowing global economy by IMF. § Robust growth achieved despite very unfavourable global conditions and two consecutive years shortfall in monsoon by 13%
3. Foreign exchange reserves touched highest ever level of about 350 billion US dollars. § Despite increased devolution to States by 55% as a result of the 14th Finance Commission award, plan expenditure increased at RE stage in 2015-16 – in contrast to earlier years.
1. Risks of further global slowdown and turbulence.
2. Additional fiscal burden due to 7th Central Pay Commission recommendations and One Rank One Pension for retired arm personnel.
1. ‘Transform India’ to have a significant impact on economy and lives of people.
2. Government to focus on –
a)ensuring macro-economic stability and prudent fiscal management.
b) boosting on domestic demand
c) continuing with the pace of economic reforms and policy initiatives to change the lives of our people for the better.
3. Focus on enhancing expenditure in priority areas of – farm and rural sector, social sector, infrastructure sector employment generation and recapitalisation of the banks.
4. Focus on Vulnerable sections through:
a) Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
b) New health insurance scheme to protect against hospitalisation expenditure
c) facility of cooking gas connection for BPL families
5. Continue with the ongoing reform programme and ensure passage of the Goods and Service Tax bill and Insolvency and Bankruptcy law
6. Undertake important reforms by:
a) giving a statutory backing to AADHAR platform to ensure benefits reach the deserving.
b) freeing the transport sector from constraints and restrictions
c) incentivising gas discovery and exploration by providing calibrated marketing freedom
d) enactment of a comprehensive law to deal with resolution of financial firms
e) provide legal framework for dispute resolution and re-negotiations in PPP projects and public utility contracts
f) undertake important banking sector reforms and public listing of general insurance companies undertake significant changes in FDI policy.
1. Allocation for Agriculture and Farmers’ welfare is Rs 35,984 crore
2. ‘Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana’ to be implemented in mission mode. 28.5 lakh hectares will be brought under irrigation.
3. Implementation of 89 irrigation projects under AIBP, which are languishing for a long time, will be fast tracked
4. A dedicated Long Term Irrigation Fund will be created in NABARD with an initial corpus of about ` 20,000 crore
5. Programme for sustainable management of ground water resources with an estimated cost of ` 6,000 crore will be implemented through 3 multilateral funding
6. 5 lakh farm ponds and dug wells in rain fed areas and 10 lakh compost pits for production of organic manure will be taken up under MGNREGA
7. Soil Health Card scheme will cover all 14 crore farm holdings by March 2017.
8. 2,000 model retail outlets of Fertilizer companies will be provided with soil and seed testing facilities during the next three years
9. Promote organic farming through ‘Parmparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana’ and ‘Organic Value Chain Development in North East Region’.
10. Unified Agricultural Marketing ePlatform to provide a common e- market platform for wholesale markets
11. Allocation under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana increased to ` 19,000 crore. Will connect remaining 65,000 eligible habitations by 2019.
12. To reduce the burden of loan repayment on farmers, a provision of ` 15,000 crore has been made in the BE 2016-17 towards interest subvention
13. Allocation under Prime Minister Fasal Bima Yojana Rs 5,500 crore.
14. Rs 850 crore for four dairying projects – ‘Pashudhan Sanjivani’, ‘Nakul Swasthya Patra’, ‘E-Pashudhan Haat’ and National Genomic Centre for indigenous breeds
1. Fiscal deficit in RE 2015-16 and BE 2016-17 retained at 3.9% and 3.5%.
2. Revenue Deficit target from 2.8% to 2.5% in RE 2015-16
3. Total expenditure projected at ` 19.78 lakh crore
4. Plan expenditure pegged at ` 5.50 lakh crore under Plan, increase of 15.3%
5. Non-Plan expenditure kept at ` 14.28 lakh crores.
6. Special emphasis to sectors such as agriculture, irrigation, social sector including health, women and child development, welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, minorities, infrastructure.
7. Mobilisation of additional finances to the extent of ` 31,300 crore by NHAI, PFC, REC, IREDA, NABARD and Inland Water Authority by raising Bonds.
8. Plan / Non-Plan classification to be done away with from 2017-18. Every new scheme sanctioned will have a sunset date and outcome review.
9. Rationalised and restructured more than 1500 Central Plan Schemes into about 300 Central Sector and 30 Centrally Sponsored Schemes.
10. Committee to review the implementation of the FRBM Act.
1. Allocation for social sector including education and health care – Rs 1,51,581 crore.
2. Rs` 2,000 crore allocated for initial cost of providing LPG connections to BPL families.
3. New health protection scheme will provide health cover up to Rs One lakh per family. For senior citizens an additional top-up package up to Rs 30,000 will be provided.
4. 3,000 Stores under Prime Minister’s Jan Aushadhi Yojana will be opened during 2016-17.
5. ‘National Dialysis Services Programme’ to be started under National Health Mission through PPP mode
6. “Stand Up India Scheme” to facilitate at least two projects per bank branch. This will benefit at least 2.5 lakh entrepreneurs.
7. National Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Hub to be set up in partnership with industry associations
8. Allocation of ` 100 crore each for celebrating the Birth Centenary of Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay and the 350th Birth Anniversary of Guru 5 Gobind Singh.
1. 62 new Navodaya Vidyalayas will be opened
2. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan to increasing focus on quality of education
3. Regulatory architecture to be provided to ten public and ten private institutions to emerge as world-class Teaching and Research Institutions
4. Higher Education Financing Agency to be set-up with initial capital base of Rs 1000 Crores
5. Digital Depository for School Leaving Certificates, College Degrees, Academic Awards and Mark sheets to be set-up.
1. Allocation for rural sector – Rs 87,765 crore.
2. 2.87 lakh crore will be given as Grant in Aid to Gram Panchayats and Municipalities as per the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission
3. Every block under drought and rural distress will be taken up as an intensive Block under the Deen Dayal Antyodaya Mission
4. A sum of Rs 38,500 crore allocated for MGNREGS.
5. 300 Rurban Clusters will be developed under the Shyama Prasad4 Mukherjee Rurban Mission
6. 100% village electrification by 1st May, 2018.
7. District Level Committees under Chairmanship of senior most Lok Sabha MP from the district for monitoring and implementation of designated Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored Schemes.
8. Priority allocation from Centrally Sponsored Schemes to be made to reward villages that have become free from open defecation.
9. A new Digital Literacy Mission Scheme for rural India to cover around 6 crore additional household within the next 3 years.
10. National Land Record Modernisation Programme has been revamped.
11. New scheme Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan proposed with allocation of 655 crore.
* Government to infuse 250 billion rupees capital into state-run banks in 2016/17; will find resources for additional capital for banks if required
1. Committed to providing a stable and predictable taxation regime and reduce black money.
2. Domestic taxpayers can declare undisclosed income or such income represented in the form of any asset by paying tax at 30%, and surcharge at 7.5% and penalty at 7.5%, which is a total of 45% of the undisclosed income. Declarants will have immunity from prosecution.
3. Surcharge levied at 7.5% of undisclosed income will be called Krishi Kalyan surcharge to be used for agriculture and rural economy.
4. New Dispute Resolution Scheme to be introduced. No penalty in respect of cases with disputed tax up to `Rs10 lakh. Cases with disputed tax exceeding `Rs 10 lakh to be subjected to 25% of the minimum of the imposable penalty. Any pending appeal against a penalty order can also 14 be settled by paying 25% of the minimum of the imposable penalty and tax interest on quantum addition.
5. High Level Committee chaired by Revenue Secretary to oversee fresh cases where assessing officer applies the retrospective amendment.
6. One-time scheme of Dispute Resolution for ongoing cases under retrospective amendment.
7. Penalty rates to be 50% of tax in case of underreporting of income and 200% of tax where there is misreporting of facts.
8. Disallowance will be limited to 1% of the average monthly value of investments yielding exempt income, but not exceeding the actual expenditure claimed under rule 8D of Section 14A of Income Tax Act.
9. Time limit of one year for disposing petitions of the tax payers seeking waiver of interest and penalty.
10. Mandatory for the assessing officer to grant stay of demand once the assesse pays 15% of the disputed demand, while the appeal is pending before Commissioner of Income-tax (Appeals).
11. Monetary limit for deciding an appeal by a single member Bench of ITAT enhanced from Rs 15 lakhs to Rs 50 lakhs.
12. 11 new benches of Customs, Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal (CESTAT).
1. Allocation for skill development – Rs 1804. crore
2. 1500 Multi Skill Training Institutes to be set-up
3. National Board for Skill Development Certification to be setup in partnership with the industry and academia
4. Entrepreneurship Education and Training through Massive Open Online Courses
1. GoI will pay contribution of 8.33% for of all new employees enrolling in EPFO for the first three years of their employment. Budget provision of Rs 1000 crore for this scheme.
2. Deduction under Section 80JJAA of the Income Tax Act will be available to all assesses who are subject to statutory audit under the Act
3. 100 Model Career Centres to operational by the end of 2016-17 under National Career Service.
4. Model Shops and Establishments Bill to be circulated to States.
1. Total investment in the road sector, including PMGSY allocation, would be Rs 97,000 crore during 2016-17.
2. India’s highest ever kilometres of new highways were awarded in 2015.
3. To approve nearly 10,000 kms of National Highways in 2016-17.
4. Allocation of ` 55,000 crore in the Budget for Roads. Additional Rs 15,000 crore to be raised by NHAI through bonds.
5. Total outlay for infrastructure – Rs 2,21,246 crore.
6. Amendments to be made in Motor Vehicles Act to open up the road transport sector in the passenger segment
7. Action plan for revival of unserved and underserved airports to be drawn up in partnership with State Governments.
8. To provide calibrated marketing freedom in order to incentivise gas production from deep-water, ultra deep-water and high pressure-high temperature areas
9. Comprehensive plan, spanning next 15 to 20 years, to augment the investment in nuclear power generation to be drawn up.
10. Steps to re-vitalise PPPs: · Public Utility (Resolution of Disputes) Bill will be introduced during 2016-17
11. Guidelines for renegotiation of PPP Concession Agreements will be issued
12. New credit rating system for infrastructure projects to be introduced
13. Reforms in FDI policy in the areas of Insurance and Pension, Asset
14. Reconstruction Companies, Stock Exchanges.
15. 100% FDI to be allowed through FIPB route in marketing of food products produced and manufactured in India.
16. A new policy for management of Government investment in Public Sector Enterprises, including disinvestment and strategic sale, 7 approved.
1. A comprehensive Code on Resolution of Financial Firms to be introduced.
2. Statutory basis for a Monetary Policy framework and a Monetary Policy Committee through the Finance Bill 2016.
3. A Financial Data Management Centre to be set up.
4. RBI to facilitate retail participation in Government securities.
5. New derivative products will be developed by SEBI in the Commodity Derivatives market.
6. Amendments in the SARFAESI Act 2002 to enable the sponsor of an ARC to hold up to 100% stake in the ARC and permit non institutional investors to invest in Securitization Receipts. 7. Comprehensive Central Legislation to be bought to deal with the menace of illicit deposit taking schemes.
8. Increasing members and benches of the Securities Appellate Tribunal.
9. Allocation of ` 25,000 crore towards recapitalisation of Public Sector Banks.
10. Target of amount sanctioned under Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana increased to Rs 1,80,000 crore.
11. General Insurance Companies owned by the Government to be listed in the stock exchanges.
1. A Task Force has been constituted for rationalisation of human resources in various Ministries.
2. Comprehensive review and rationalisation of Autonomous Bodies.
3. Bill for Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services by using the Aadhar framework to be introduced.
4. Introduce DBT on pilot basis for fertilizer.
5. Automation facilities will be provided in 3 lakh fair price shops by March 2017.
6. Amendments in Companies Act to improve enabling environment for start-ups.
7. Price Stabilisation Fund with a corpus of ` 900 crore to help maintain stable prices of Pulses.
8. “Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat” programme will be launched to link States and Districts in an annual programme that connects people through exchanges in areas of language, trade, culture, travel and tourism.
1. Increase the turnover limit under Presumptive taxation scheme under section 44AD of the Income Tax Act to ` 2 crores to bring big relief to a large number of assessees in the MSME category.
2. Extend the presumptive taxation scheme with profit deemed to be 50%, to professionals with gross receipts up to Rs 50 lakh.
3. Phasing out deduction under Income Tax: · Accelerated depreciation wherever provided in IT Act will be limited to maximum 40% from 1.4.2017
4. Benefit of deductions for Research would be limited to 150% from 1.4.2017 and 100% from 1.4.2020
5. Benefit of section 10AA to new SEZ units will be available to those units which commence activity before 31.3.2020.
6. The weighted deduction under section 35CCD for skill development will continue up to 1.4.2020
7. Corporate Tax rate proposals: · New manufacturing companies incorporated on or after 1.3.2016 to be given an option to be taxed at 25% + surcharge and cess provided they do not claim profit linked or investment linked deductions and do not avail of investment allowance and accelerated depreciation.
8. Lower the corporate tax rate for the next financial year for relatively small enterprises i.e companies with turnover not exceeding ` 5 crore (in the financial year ending March 2015), to 29% plus surcharge and cess.
9. 100% deduction of profits for 3 out of 5 years for startups setup during April, 2016 to March, 2019. MAT will apply in such cases.
10. 10% rate of tax on income from worldwide exploitation of patents developed and registered in India by a resident.
11. Complete pass through of income-tax to securitization trusts including trusts of ARCs. Securitisation trusts required to deduct tax at source.
12. Period for getting benefit of long term capital gain regime in case of unlisted companies is proposed to be reduced from three to two years.
13. Non-banking financial companies shall be eligible for deduction to the extent of 5% of its income in respect of provision for bad and doubtful debts.
14. Determination of residency of foreign company on the basis of Place of Effective Management (POEM) is proposed to be deferred by one year.
15. Commitment to implement General Anti Avoidance Rules (GAAR) from 1.4.2017.
16. Exemption of service tax on services provided under Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushalya Yojana and services provided by Assessing Bodies empanelled by Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship.
17. Exemption of Service tax on general insurance services provided under ‘Niramaya’ Health Insurance Scheme launched by National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disability.
18. Basic custom and excise duty on refrigerated containers reduced to 5% and 6%.
Changes in customs and excise duty rates on certain inputs to reduce costs and improve competitiveness of domestic industry in sectors like Information technology hardware, capital goods, defence production, textiles, mineral fuels & mineral oils, chemicals & petrochemicals, paper, paperboard & newsprint, Maintenance repair and overhauling [MRO] of aircrafts and ship repair.

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